Furuncles are common, contagious inflammatory nodules that arise from hair follicles. They occur only in hair-bearing parts of the body, but are most prevalent on the head, neck, axillae, buttocks, and groin. The red, hard lesion becomes tender and fluctuant over a couple of days. Pain subsides after the lesion discharges pus and a external plug of necrotic material. The infection is usually caused by staphylococcus aureus that begins in the hair follicle and spreads to the skin’s deeper layers. Without treatment, the furuncle may heal in 10 to 20 days. If the furuncle opens spontaneously, the drainage pus may contaminate surrounding skin and cause new boils. Incision and drainage of the furuncle Is recommended.
Causes of furuncle
Coagulase-positive staphylococcus aureus (most common cause of furuncle)
- Infected wound
- Poor hygiene
- Tight cloths
- Immunosuppressive therapy
- Exposure to certain solvents
Sign and symptoms of furuncle
They are hard, painful nodules that enlarge over several days’ time until they rupture, releasing pus and dead cells through one draining point. The area remains red and swollen for a short time, but the pain lessens.
Treatment of furuncle
Treatment consists of the measure such as moist heat to relieve pains and encourage ripening of the lesions. Often incision and drainage are required to allow complete expulsion of the material. Patients must be cautioned not squeeze a boil because it may rupture in to surrounding tissue. As far as allopathic mode of treatment is concerned systemic antibiotics are necessary if there is surrounding erythema or a fever. If a patient has recurrent furuncle, diabetes should be ruled out in such patients.
Homeopathic treatment for furuncles
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat furuncles but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat furuncles that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of furuncles:
Arnica Montana – tendency to small furuncles which are painful, one boil is cured, when the other comes out; occurrence of boils in crops; skin is black and blue; itching, burning, eruption of small pimples.
Belladonna – remarkable remedy for furuncles; redness with throbbing and pain; this medicine should be used in the beginning; skin dry and hot, swollen, sensitive, erythema, suppurative wounds, indurations after inflammations.
Arsenic Album – excellent remedy for furuncles malignant pustules, gangrenous inflammation; itching, burning, swelling; ulcers with offensive discharge; burning as if coals of fire were put on affected part. Cutting and burning pain worse after midnight.
Hepar Sulph – one of the best medicines for furuncles and abscess; boils with marked suppuration; unhealthy skin; slightest injury suppurate; burning, stinging pain; extreme pain and tenderness, in early stage of pus formation; it will stop formation of pus or will abort pus in very less time period.
Thuja – crops of boils on face neck and nose.
Silicea – it acts well when there is slow healing power; felons, boils, ulcers, and abscesses; pus offensive; long lasting suppuration, keloid growths; promotes expulsion of the foreign body from the tissue.
Merc Iod – it is an excellent remedy for inflammatory stage of furuncles; when there is no pus formation; intense shining redness with throbbing and pain; when pus is formed it is green, thin and watery.
Calcaria Carb – when there I no redness but paleness is there; furuncles are extremely painful.
Lachesis – furuncles are bluish in color; exudation of acrid and offensive pus; boils are very sensitive to touch with burning pain.
Carbolic Acid – furuncles with accumulation of pus and discharge of very foul odor; marked burning pain.
Tarantula – abscesses, boils, felons, carbuncles; hard, tender, inflamed hair follicles; boils at any stage.
Ledum Pal – boils and felons caused by needles pricks
Tuberculinum – crops of small boils successively appear on the nose; boils with intense pain.
Calcaria Pic – very good remedy for chronic and recurring furuncles.
Bellis P – boils or furuncles all over the body with soreness, pain and marked swelling.