is an abnormal enlargement of thyroid gland which can occur due to various reasons. Thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands located in front of the neck, below the larynx. Enlarged goitre denotes the abnormal or improper functioning of thyroid gland.
Causes of goitre
- Grave’s disease
- Nodular goitre
- Iodine deficiency
- Thyroid neoplasia
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
- Exposure to radiations
- Certain medications
- Deposition diseases
The commonest causes of goitre in western world are nodular thyroid disease and autoimmune disease. A degree of subclinical thyroid nodularty is very common over the age of 40 years.
Sign and Symptoms of goitre
- Swelling of thyroid gland
- Loss of concentration
- Emotional disturbances
- Increased irritability
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Difficulty in breathing
- Neck pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Weakness of memory
- Increased sweating especially on palms
- Impaired growth
- Dryness and thickness of skin
- Tightness in throat
- Hoarseness of voice
Diagnosis of goitre
Diagnosis of goitre mainly include – physical examination, history of previous medication and illness, estimation of T4, and TSH, thyroid scan, FNAC, thyroid ultrasound, ultrasonography, thyroid radionuclide scan, biopsy.
Homeopathic treatment of goitre
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat goitre but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat goitre that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of goitre:
Iodum -Larynx feels constricted. Eustachian deafness; thyroid enlarged; Goitre, with sensation of constriction; swollen submaxillary glands; uvula swollen.
Pilocarpus Microphyllus – acts upon thyroid gland; exophthalmic goitre, with increased heart’s rate and sweating
Ferrum Iodatum – scrofulous affections, glandular enlargements, and tumors call for this remedy; exohthalmic goitre following suppression of menses
Duboisia – acts on thyroid gland and acts as a palliative in case of exophthalmic goitre.
Bromium – enlarged parotid and goitre; having a remarkable effect on scrofulous children with enlarged gland.
Kali Iod – glands swollen, ulcerating, atrophied; goitre, bronchial, submaxillary glands; complaints after abuse of mercury or combined with scrofula.
Natrum Carb – swelling and induration of glands; emaciation, with pale face, dialated pupils, dark urine; skin dry, rough and chapped; suppurating herpes. With yellow rings; goitre; swollen cervical glands; humid herpetic eruptions and ulcers on nose, lips and around mouth; burning fissures on lower lip.
Spongia – goitre hard and large, with suffocating spells at night; hardness and swelling of testicles, especially after checked gonorrhoeae.
Conium Mac – has an excellent action on glands; goitre; anxious sensation in heart; protruding eyes.
Other medicines for goitre mainly include: Calcaria Carb, Natrum Mur, Calcaria Flour, Calcaria Iod, Graphites, Hepar Sulph, Causticum, Lachesis, Lycopodium, Hepar Sulph, Merc-i-f, Fluoric Acid, Ambra Gresia, Phosphorous, Tuberculinum, Thyreoidinum, Tarantula, Sepia, Silicea, and many other medicines.