Disease Index Featured

Leg Pain Cause & Treatment

Last modified on September 24th, 2018

leg pain treatment
Dr. Manisha Bhatia

Cause of pain in legs, including lower leg pain affecting muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, veins and nerves, with treatment and homeopathic remedies.

leg pain, lower leg pain, pain leg jointLeg pain is defined as a feeling of discomfort or uneasiness along with aching in the leg, varying from mild to severe intensity.

Upper leg pain is pain anywhere from him to knees. Lower leg pain is the pain extending from knee to foot. A pain in leg could originate in joints like hip joint, knee joint or ankle joint.

When the pain is in leg joints, it could arise from bones, ligaments or tendons. It can also arise from injury to muscles or nerves. Venous stasis and phlebitis can also cause pain in legs.

Sometimes the pain can be referred from back as in the case of Sciatica, where the pain extends down the leg from lower back or hips down thighs and calf muscles. A rare case is pain in phantom-limb, when a person feels pain in the part of limb that has been amputated.

Leg muscle pain is described as aching and cramping in the muscles of the legs. It is a common complaint which can involve one or more than one muscle at the same time. Muscle pain can also involve surrounding tissues. Musculoskeletal disorder is the major problem now days whose impact upon the individual’s quality of life is well known.

Causes of Leg Pain

  • Arthritis – includes osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
  • Injury – can lead to damage to bone, ligament and cartilage and that can lead to severe leg pain.
  • Sprain- Due to sudden unnatural movements causes leg pain.
  • Overuse – Overuse of joint can cause bursitis which ultimately leads to joint pain in legs.
  • Infection – Any kind of infection to the joints may result in leg pain.
  • Varicose vein – Enlarged distended vein, also causes leg ulcer and itching along with pain
  • Deep vein thrombosis – Condition in which there is a blood clot in the deeper veins of leg, causes leg pain.
  • Venous cause – includes phlebitis and venous compression.
  • Calcium Deficiency – in Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis and Rickets can also cause pain in long bones of legs.
  • Growth pains – Young children often complaint of pain in legs. Such pain is usually due to stretching of bones and tissue as part of ‘growing’.
  • Pain in leg muscles can result from calcium or sodium deficiency and also from dehydration. Such pain is often cramping in nature. Vague muscle ache can result from hypothyroidism and myopathy.

Causes of leg muscle pain

  • Injury or trauma – any kind of injury to the muscle can cause mild to severe muscle aching.
  • Overuse or overstretching – causes damage to the muscle fibers.
  • Polio – caused due to infection from poliovirus has special affinity for nerves.
  • Malaria – parasitic infection in which there is muscle pain with high fever and intense chill.
  • Myopathy – it is a disease of muscles in which there is aching of muscles along with weakness.
  • Hyperthyroidism – with muscular weakness and weight loss.
  • Rabies – severe CNS infection causes muscular pain along with stiffness.
  • Arthritis – important cause of muscular pain along with joints.
  • Tetanus – disease caused by infection of bacteria clostridium tetani causes severe muscle pain with twitching, stiffness and spasm.
  • Dengue fever – viral infection in which muscle pain occurs along with high fever.
  • Typhoid fever – infection caused due to salmonella typhi, muscle pain with fever, headache, malaise and many other symptoms.
  • Muscule abscess – pain along with inflammation and collection of pus.

Diagnosis of Pain In Legs

  • Physical examination – Including examination of joints, swelling, dislocation, gait, lymph nodes, movement etc
  • Blood test – Complete blood count, ESR, rheumatoid factor, uric acid, CPK etc.
  • Microscopic examination – Of joint fluid or synovial fluid
  • X-ray – To diagnose fracture, osteoarthritis
  • MRI – To detect ligament rupture, never compression, Avascular necrosis of femur head and other conditions
  • MANTOUX TEST and Tb Gold – To diagnose tuberculosis.
  • Other important investigations – venography – to diagnose deep vein thrombosis.
  • Duplex ultrasound imaging – It helps in getting image of veins, it can also measure flow in the vessels.
  • Arteriography – To diagnose arterial embolism.
  • Doppler ultrasound – is the important investigation in case of venous disease.

Treatment of Leg Pain

Allopathic treatment of pain in legs – includes pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants and calcium supplements. Anticoagulants, compression bandage, knee caps and surgery is also applicable in certain cases. Physiotherapy also plays an important role in many cases of joint pains. The exact treatment depends upon the underlying cause of leg pain.

Homeopathic treatment of leg pain

homeopathy treatment and medicines for leg pain and pain in leg musclesHomeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity.

This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which a patient is suffering.

The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat leg pain but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility of the patient. For this patient’s current symptoms, past medical history and family history are taken into account.

There are many homeopathic remedies which cover the symptoms of leg pain and can be selected on the basis of cause, location, sensation, modalities and extension of the pain. For individualized remedy selection and treatment of leg pain, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for the treatment of leg pain:

Rhus tox, Bryonia, Arnica, Causticum, Calcarea carb, Cuprum met, Colocynth, Mag phos, Plumbum met, Calcarea phos, Lycopodium, Lachesis, Gnaphalium, Sulphur, Eupatorium, Gelsemium, Guiacum, Hypericum, Ledum pal, Kalmia, Natrum mur, Ranunculus, Ruta, Sepia, Thuja, Zincum,  and various other medicines.

  • Bryonia alba. – Pain with inflammation which, is aggravated by movement and relieved by moderate pressure and rest.
  • Ledum pal. – Excellent remedy for gout and rheumatism which is of ascending nature, better by cold application.
  • Rhus tox. – Pain aggravated by first movement, damp weather and better by continuous motion.
  • Colchicum – Pain worse by motion, touch, or mental effort; better by warmth and rest.
  • Kalmia lat. – Descending type of pain, pain with palpitation of heart and slow pulse
  • Guaiacum – Gouty abscesses of joints, pain relieved by cold bath and cold application.
  • Calcarea carb. – Arthritic swelling, knee pain especially in fleshy people, effusion of knee joint, which is worse by cold.
  • Benzoic acid Gouty concretions of joints, knee pain due to abnormal deposition of uric acid
  • Hypericum – Remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, knee contracted, has outstanding action over nerve pain.
  • Lachesis – Rheumatic pain along with swelling. Sciatica of right leg. Warmth aggravates in general, intolerance of tight clothing.
  • Lycopodium – Sciatica pain in left leg.
  • Colocynth¬† Pain that radiates from hip to calf, esp in left leg, is accompanied by numbness and is better by warmth.

These are some brief indications for leg pain. The choice of the remedy will depend upon the cause and the totality of symptoms.

About the author

Dr. Manisha Bhatia

Dr. Manisha Bhatia

BHMS, M.D. (Hom), CICH (Greece)
Dr. Manisha is a leading homeopathy physician working in Rajasthan, India. She has studied with George Vithoulkas through the IACH e-learning course. She is Director of Asha Homeopathy Medical Center, Jaipur and is also a Lecturer of Homeopathic Repertory at S.K. Homeopathy Medical College, Jaipur. She is also a Director of Hoacuoidep.com. Find more about her at

15 Comments

  • hello good morning sir, thank you very very much for sharing this wonderful article regarding leg pain which is so helpful in practice. thank you

  • superb paper, but why
    no mention of the critical role of magnesium as a muscle relaxant?
    & not noting that
    calcium is a muscle antagonist & thus contraindicated for pain
    [after all calcium channel blockers are used for high BP,angina,spasms,right]?
    cheers

  • thank you sir ! its very useful for all old people’s suffering from this pain…..plz post some calcium to keep our bones strong for a long time …….my best regards are with you….!
    your articles are too much helpful for me to practice.
    farhat shakil.

    • Without more information I can only generalize. Muscle sprains often respond to arnica, or rhus tox, or bryonia depending on the symptoms. Other remedies can also be called for.

      A. Schmukler

      • Hello Alan Sir,

        I am Aruna, 26 yrs old lady suffering from calf muscles swelling. Hence it pains. What remedy I should take? Please suggest.

  • Pain in both legs after walking 10 minutes (Calf muscle are stiff)
    as also legs pulling while sleeping
    Any Specific remedy/ homeo medicine can be advised

  • Dear Dr
    My mother is having severe pain in left hip to knee more in the thighs. Some pain is there in right also due to spine degeneration. She can’t place her foot on the ground. Numbness in feet is also there. Spine has problem of L4 vertibra pressing nerve. Please suggest treatment for pain.

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