is a protozoal disease caused by infection with parasites of the genus plasmodium and transmitted to man by certain species of infected female anopheline mosquito. There are over 400 species of Anopheles mosquitoes, of which perhaps 60 can carry malaria.
The clinical features of malaria vary from mild to severe and complicated. It is a acute febrile illness characterized by paroxysm of fever and chills as a result of asexual reproduction of plasmodia with in the red cells.
Plasmodium vivex, plasmodium ovale and plasmodium malariae are associated with morbidity but no major mortality; plasmodium falciparum is the parasite responsible for some fatal malaria.
When parasite bites a person it injects the parasites in to the body. It only takes a single mosquito bite to become infected. As the parasite exists in human red blood cells, malaria can be pass on from one person to next person through organ transplant, Shared use of needle/ syringes and blood transfusion.
Cause of Malaria
The mosquito becomes infected with malaria after biting a person with the disease. The parasites multiply in the mosquito for a week, then enter the bloodstream of the next person the mosquito bites. Once in a person’s bloodstream, the parasites travel to the liver, where they thrive and multiply rapidly. After several days, thousands re-enter the bloodstream and destroy red blood cells. Some parasite remain in the liver, continue to multiply, and are released again at intervals into the bloodstream.
Symptoms of Malaria
The typical attack comprises three distinct stages
In which there is
- Chilly sensation followed by rigors
- Intense heat
- Flushed face
- Dry and hot skin
- Rapid respiration
- Intense headache
- Temperature rises to 40 degree c or more
- Profuse perspiration
- Temperature drops down rapidly
Symptoms of malaria falciparum
- High fever
- Retinal hemorrhage
- Severe anemia
- Pulmonary edema
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Spontaneous bleeding
- Intractable vomiting
Malaria treatment with homeopathy
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only confined to malaria treatment but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several medicines are available for malaria treatment that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensation, extension and modalities of the complaints.
For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for the malaria treatment:
China, Arsenic Album, Eupatorium Perf, Natrum Mur, Pulsatilla, Bryonia, Gelsemium, Rhus Tox, Apis Mel, Nux vomica, Malaria Off, Veratrum Alb, Caladium, Cimex, Ferrum Phos and many other medicines.
Malaria / Intermittent Fever – Homeopathic Medicines
(Therapeutic Indications by W.A. Dewey)
Cinchona / China officianalis
This remedy is most suitable in epidemic and endemic form of chills and fever, being of little if any use in the general malarial cachexia.
The paroxysms are irregular and it corresponds more to the tertian type, if to any. The precursory symptoms to the chill are nervous excitement, anxiety, headache, nausea and irritability.
The chill is of short duration and it soon becomes mingled with the heat, and the remedy may be said to be one of the thirstless remedies in fever, as there is very little, if any, thirst during the chill and no real thirst during the heat, it being from a desire to moisten the mouth, rather than to quench the thirst, that the patient may desire water.
During the fever the veins appear enlarged and there is congestion to the head, redness and heat of face, even though other parts of the body be chilly. During the chill the patient sits near the fire and wraps himself up, but the warmth obtained does no good. During the sweat, however, which is long and profuse, there is much thirst.
Cinchona is seldom of use in inveterate cases, where the liver and spleen are hypertrophied or where much quinine has been taken, though a swollen spleen does not contra-indicate the remedy. The apyrexia is marked with debility, restlessness, loss of appetite or great hunger, anaemia, gray complexion, congestions, backache and oedema, scanty urine with brickdust sediment.
Nux vomica is another remedy not so much indicated in inveterate cases, but it corresponds to cases where the gastro-bilious symptoms are prominent, and accompanied by nervous symptoms proceeding from the spinal cord. The chill is perhaps more commonly quotidian, coming on in the afternoon and evening.
The chill is predominant and starts with blueness of the fingernails, preceded by aching of the body, gaping and yawing, there being no special thirst, but a dull frontal headache and vertigo and nausea, disordered stomach and weakness of the limbs. There is no relief from covering or from external heat, and another condition may be an alternation of chills and heat.
Eucalyptus globulus. Also useful in some forms. There are no characteristic indications.
Pulsatilla. Long chill, little heat and no thirst.
Menyanthes. Chill predominates without thirst; icy coldness of finger tips.
Ignatia. Warmth from stove relieves; thirst only during chill.
Lachesis. Desires heat, but no relief therefrom. A most important remedy after abuse of quinine.
Carbo vegetabilis. Old cases, with coldness of feet. Extreme prostration; desire for air draft.
This is one of our most important remedies, and, next to Cinchona, it is more frequently indicated than any other. The characteristics are intensity and long duration of paroxysms, especially of the burning heat, the unquenchable thirst, anxiety and restlessness, a small, quick pulse and a clean tongue.
The cleaner the tongue in violent paroxysms the more is it indicated. After the attack there is pallor and exhaustion. It is the sovereign remedy for the malarial cachexia; it antidotes quinine and its attacks are accompanied with a high grade of gastric irritability.
Hughes and Kippax, however, do not consider Arsenic as being suited to the typical forms of intermittent fever, but rather to those types known as malarial fevers.
Other characteristics of Arsenicum are the ill-defined paroxysms with, perhaps, one of the stages wanting the collapse of vital power and the marked prostration. The longer the disease has lasted the more likely will Arsenicum be indicated.
This is a remedy seldom of use in recent cases corresponding more to inveterate and badly treated cases. The stages are very unequal, the chill perhaps being continuous, heat moderate with violent headache, and perspiration wanting or excessive and debilitating and relieving the headache.
The complexion is yellowish gray and the spleen and liver are enlarged. Perhaps the most typical case calling for this remedy would have a chill commencing about ten o’clock in the morning, beginning in the back and feet with great thirst pains in the bones, pains in the back,headache, debility, accompanied with shortness of breath; and especially if fever blisters or hydroa form on the lips; this is most characteristic.
Such patients during the apyerxia the apyrexia are dejected and apprehensive, have a swallow complexion and white coated tongue, sleepy in the daytime and sleepless at night. It especially corresponds to cases where there is a psoric taint. Capsicum. Chill prevails, intense thirst, drinking causes an aggravation ; the chill begins in the back; heat applied relieves. Thirst is waiting during the hot stage.
The bone pains and the vomiting as the chill passes off are the chief characteristics of this remedy. There are gastric symptoms similar to Ipecac; there is muscular soreness all over the body, and the chill is apt to occur on the morning of one day and in the evening of the next; it is preceded by thirst and bitter vomiting.
The patient knows the chill is coming on because he cannot drink enough, the chill commences in the small of the back and is accompanied with a sense of pressure over the skull cap. Bayes considers this pressure and weight over the forehead the surest indication for the remedy.
With the heat, the aching increases and the sweat is inconsiderable or absent. The paroxysms calling for Eupatorium are irregular in their development. The liver is at fault and there is a yellow tinge to the complexion. Cedron. Great regularity marks this remedy, also violent symptoms; headache.
It is useful in masked agues, and the agues of warm and damp, low, marshy regions. Congestion to the head is a marked symptoms, during apyrexia malaise and debility. Apis. No thirst, with sweat. According to Wolf, one of the most important remedies; chill with thirst at 3 or 4 P.M., protracted cases, nettle rash. Rhus. Chill begins in the thigh and is usually attended with a dry cough.
In the milder epidemics where the tertian form predominates, Ipecac may prove useful. The chill is most marked and the fever is accompanied with the gastric symptoms, loss of appetite, loathing of food, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. It is often the remedy in the beginning of intermittents, suiting especially sensitive young patients.
The thirst is wanting or slight during the chill and the chill predominates; the heat is trifling and the sweat is usually missing , or there may be a short chill and long fever, and during the paroxysms there may be a suffocative cough and spasmodic dyspnoea. During the apyrexia there are many gastric symptoms, sallow skin, headache, nausea and vomiting. It is the remedy when the case seems all mixed up; a few doses will often clear the case and lead to the proper remedy.
This remedy has no special hepatic; gastric or intestinal disturbances and it suits especially malarial conditions in children. The chill runs up the back or starts from the feet. There is a bruised feeling all over and a characteristic is that the patient wants to be held during the chill to prevent his shaking.
The characteristic time for the chill is prevent his shaking. The characteristic time for the chill is about the middle of the day. The heat is attended with red face. Drowsiness, dizziness and dullness are characteristic symptoms. Thirst is not marked.
This remedy has great periodicity; chill towards evening with slight or violent thirst and after the sweat there is much prostration, great weakness at the epigastrium and debility. It has been found that the lower potencies act better, such as two-grain doses of the IX trituration every two hours. During the paroxysm a pain in the dorsal vertebrae on pressure is a good indication.