Mumps, also known as infectious or epidemic Parotitis, is an acute viral disease caused by paramyxovirus. It causes painful enragement of the salivary or parotid glands, it may also other organs, such as the testes, the central nervous system (CNS), and the pancreas. The prognosis for complete recovery is good although mumps sometimes causes complications.
Causes of mumps
The mumps paramyxovirus is found in the saliva of an infected person and is transmitted by droplets or by direct . The virus is present in the saliva 6 days before to 9 days after the onset of parotid gland swelling; the 48-hours period immediately preceding onset of swelling is probably the time of highest communicability. The incubation period ranges from 14 to 25 days. One attack of mumps almost always confers lifelong immunity
Symptoms of mumps
The first symptoms are a fever, a sore throat, and shivering, and these cab be mistaken for influenza. The gland that is first affected is generally the parotid, the large salivary gland between the upper and lower jaw. This gland becomes more tender and swollen, so that it is difficult to open the mouth wide, and eating is extremely painful.
It is very rare but the virus can cause inflammation in other glands and the nervous system.
Orchitis – inflammation of one or both testicles occurs in about 20% of adult male cases of mums.
Oophoritis – inflammation of the ovaries is uncommon, but it can produce lower abdominal pain and vomiting.
Prostatitis – inflammation of the prostate gland is a rare complication of mumps. The patient complication of mumps.
Mastitis – the mammary glands rarely become inflamed because of mumps. However, if they are affected, and pain and swelling occur, management of the complaint should be done through medications.
Encephalitis – this is a rare inflammation of the brain and is the only serious danger from mumps. The patient develops severe headache, a high fever, and vomiting, in most cases a full recovery occurs. In a small proportion of cases there is permanent disability or even death.
Diagnosis of mumps
Mumps virus can be isolated in a cell culture from throat washings, urine, or spinal fluid.
Complement fixation, neutralization, hemagglutination are serological tests that can confirm infection or vaccination.
Blood work shows an elevated serum amylase level in patients with mumps Parotitis and pancreatitis; the serum lipase level is elevated in pancreatitis. A complete blood count may show elevated lymphocytes. Elevated serum C-reactive protein may occur in mumps Orchitis.
Homeopathic treatment for mumps
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat mumps but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat mumps that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of mumps:
Mercurius – this is one of our best remedies for mumps; it has got specific action on the salivary gland; there is slight fever and it is useful in the later stages. The special symptoms are tenderness, salivation, offensive breath and threatening suppuration.
Lachesis – great remedy for left sided mumps, with purplish swellings and aggravation after sleep.
Rhus Tox – remarkable remedy form mumps; corresponds to dark red swelling, with tendency to erysipelatous inflammation and typhoid conditions. There is much aching in the limbs, the patient is restless and the symptoms are worse at night. Best remedy for secondary mumps. The left side is more apt to be affected.
Belladonna – mania coming on after mumps; can be given in early stages of mumps.
Phytolacca – Yellowish, sickly. Aching malar bones. Glands swollen at the angle of jaw. Jaws ache, as in mumps. Lips everted and firm. Chin drawn closely to sternum. Mumps.
Pilocarpus – a valuable remedy in limiting the induration of mumps. Saliva pours out in an almost continuous stream from the mouth.
Kali Bi – Face Pale, yellowish; blotchy. Red, florid. Mumps on the right side; sweat on the upper lip.
Carbo Veg -Something heavy seems to lie before the ears. Deafness or otorrhoea, following exanthemata; deficient or badly smelling yellow wax. Mumps, with metastasis.
Kali Mur – face bluish; sunken; cheeks swollen and painful; paralysis, following pain in face; muscles of face twitch and tremble, aggravation by eating, speaking or coughing. Mumps without fever.
Other important remedies for mumps mainly include
Calcaria carb, Pulsatilla, Silicea, Phosphorous, Arsenic Album, Lycopodium, Nitric Acid, Hepar Sulph, Baryta Mur, and many other medicines.