Photophobia is an abnormal inability of the eyes to tolerate light; exposure to light hurts the eyes. It is more common in people with light-colored eyes, and usually is not a serious problem. In some cases, however, it may be associated with irritation or damage to cornea, acute glaucoma, or uvitis. It can also be a symptom of developing measles.
Causes of photophobia
Burns – with a chemical burn, photophobia and eye pain may be accompanied by erythema and blistering on the face and lids, diffuse conjunctival injection, and corneal changes.
Corneal ulcers – a corneal ulcer causes severe photophobia and eye pain aggravated by blinking. Impaired visual acuity may accompany blurring, eye discharge, and sticky eyelids.
Conjunctivitis – when conjunctivitis affects cornea, it causes photophobia. Other common findings include conjunctival injection, increased tearing, foreign body sensation, eye pain, burning, and itching.
Corneal abrasion – a common finding with corneal abrasion, photophobia is usually accompanied by excessive tearing. Blurred vision and eye pain may also occur.
Iritis – severe photophobia may result from acute iritis, along with moderate to severe eye pain, and blurred vision.
Keratitis – keratitis is a corneal inflammation that causes photophobia.
Meningitis – photophobia is a common symptom of meningitis, it mau occur with other signs of meningeal irritation.
Migraine – photophobia and noise sensitivity are prominent features of a common migraine.
Uveitis – anterior and posterior uveitis can cause photophobia.
Drugs – certain drugs can also cause photophobia.
Symptoms of photophobia
- Itching and burning sensation in eyes
- Swelling of eyes
- Inflammation of eyes
- Discharge from eyes
- Stiffness of neck
Homeopathic treatment for photophobia
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat photophobia but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat photophobia that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of photophobia:
Argentum Nitricum, Arsenic Album, Baryta Carb, Belladonna, Calcaria Carb, China, Conium, Euphrasia, Graphites, Lac Can, Lycopodium, Mercurius, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, Nux Vomica, Opium, Rhus Tox, Sulphur, Antim Tart, Apis Mel, Arnica Montana, Aurum Mur, Baryta Mur, Bryonia, Calcaria Phos, Causticum, Chamomilla, Coffea, Crotolus H, Crotolus T, Digitalis, Gelsemium, Gloninum, Hellebores, Hepar Sulph, Hyoscyamus, Ignatia, Kali Ars, Kali Bi, Kali Carb, Kali Phos, Lachesis, Ledum Pal, Merc Cor, Natrum Carb, Phytolacca, Psorinum, Sepia, Silicea, Spigelia, Zincum Met, and many other medicines.