Last modified on August 17th, 2018

Alumen homeopathy medicine – drug proving symptoms from Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica by TF Allen, published in 1874. It has contributions from R Hughes, C Hering, C Dunham, and A Lippe.


Alum; the crystallized double sulphate of Aluminum and potassium.(KAI2SO4,12H2O).

Preparation: Triturations of the pure crystals.


Conscious of all that happens; conscious of the services in church, while the blood rushes to the head that she hardly can hold it up or keep her eyes open.From 9 A.M. until noon very depressed and sad; could have wept all the time; felt very much oppressed, anxious, and heavy, like a stone on the chest, with inclination to take a long breath (third day).

Great anxiety, and disbelief in the power of medicine to relieve him.

Feared to leave her set in church, after feeling faint.

They frighten him, ebullitions going upwards.

Great fear in her dreams.

Scarcely endurable pains in rectum.

Much excited, with the twitching.

Excitability of feeling, as when one is agitated by unpleasant news.

Great agitation, anxiety, and restlessness.

Nervous restlessness and excitement, more like that caused by; mental emotion than bodily illness.

Perceptive faculties were gone during the deathlike fainting spell.

When thinking about his disease, he feels the heart beating.

After mental excitement, heart begins to beat violently.

More anxious at night than at other times.

Intellect and senses perfect.


In the evening, when lying on the back, a sensation as if vertigo was coming on, with a weakness in the pit of the stomach, which disappears when opening the eyes and turning on the right side (one hour).Vertigo when looking downwards, as if he should fall forwards, and at other times often giddy.

Great vertigo, nausea, and weakness.

She staggers to a chair; overcome by sudden nausea.

Vertigo, with headache, in the evening, ceases after lying down.

Blood rushes to the head with such rapidity and force that she cannot raise or open her eyes.

Blood at first driven to the head by the suddenness and severity of pain, leaving it afterwards.

Dull, heavy pain in the head, particularly in the back of


At 8 A.M., severe jerking pain on the left side of the forehead (third day).

Pain in right of neck and forehead.

Temples shooting.

In the afternoon until evening, stinging pain on the vertex, when stooping.

Pressing on top of the head; vertex (third day).

Back of the head pains.

Pain in the head, going from place to place, coming and going (forenoon).

The pain in my head was worse than any other symptom (worse in the morning when getting awake); at one time it was acute, shooting from one temple to the other; at another, heavy, and pressing on the top of my head, as if a great weight were placed there on, with nausea; this continued all day without cessation, but the sickness of the stomach left me, and returned at intervals only; it was accompanied by chilliness and feeling as if cold water were poured down my back; at another time great heat throughout my body; in fact I felt exactly like I did the time I was attacked with small-pox.

About twenty-five minutes after taking the third dose, the same sensation of warmth; slept during the night; in the morning some headache over the eyes and pains on the left side of the chest.

Wakes in the morning with pressing headache over the eyes, which lasts until 10 A.M.; headache is relieved by drinking cold water; the following morning the same symptoms (first and second days); in the evening, at half-past nine, the same headache as in the morning, with vertigo, lasts until bedtime; lessens after lying down to sleep.

Great pain in head, and nausea, when awaking at night.

Headache, with sickness.

Headache, lasting all afternoon, after attack at noon.

Pain in head after cold feeling.

Head and hands cold; blood seemed to be forsaking them.

Headache relieved by drinking cold water.


Slight grew dim, with attack of pain in the stomach.When opening eyes vertigo disappears.

Looking down, vertigo.

Pain over the left eye.

Bruised feeling on the inferior edge of orbit of left eye on pressure, or by moving the eyelids (after eight days for two days).

Itching, burning on the border of the right lower eyelid, followed by milder itching, also on the left lower lid and on the left hip; in the morning (second day).

Burning, itching on the right lower eyelid.

Spongy excrescences of the lachrymal caruncle and of the eyelids (Lefevre).


Hears everything in sleep; his bird’s moving in the cage; what happens around her.At midnight, heat in both ears and left side of the face, disappearing when going to bed.


Great dryness in nose.In choanae dryness from throat.


Animated expression of the face, with fever.Face, left side, heat at night.

Embonpoint from general bloating, with a sickly and sallow complexion.

Sickly, sallow complexion.

Deathly pale, she supposed she was.

Deathly pallor of the face, like a corpse, with cramp in stomach.

Pain in the left articulation of the jaw close to the ear.

When shaving, the chin bleeds from slight scratch, in the morning (second day).

Lower lip twitching, with pain in stomach.

Lips blue.


Mouth very dry after five hours, but the thirst not increased.Dryness in the mouth and throat.

Very severe pain in mouth; burning sensation and dryness of the mouth.

In mouth burning pains, burning.

Accumulation of saliva in the mouth, with feeling of dryness on the tongue; qualmishness in the stomach, and accumulation of wind in the abdomen (third day).

Taste and Tongue.

Immediately after taking it, at midnight, a metallic taste and slight nausea; she was very sick, and went to sleep soon, and slept until 5 A.M.Immediately after taking it, metallic taste in the mouth, and slight nausea, more like qualmishness.

Taste sourish, astringent, with a disgusting sweetish aftertaste.


Burning, sourish feeling on the right side of tongue; after taking 30th.

In the evening, after taking it, burning, sourish feeling on the tongue.

Stitches in the tongue, especially on the tip.

Tongue rough, and as if scraped, in the morning.

Feeling of dryness on the tongue, especially on the forepart, as if it had been scraped (notwithstanding there being sufficient saliva in the mouth), in the morning (second day).

In the evening, immediately after taking it, burning on the tongue (second day).

Palate and Throat.

Roof of the mouth thickly coated with phlegm.After the powder of Alum was blown in the throat, to cure a redness there, the lower half of the uvula was like a berry hanging on a string from the upper part.

Pains in gullet, extending up into the swallow, pain from stomach.

Very severe pains in the pharynx; burning in the mouth, pharynx, and stomach.

Thick phlegm in the throat and the roof of the mouth is thickly coated with it.

He spit up a lump of coagulated blood in the morning after rising (third day).

Tickling in throat after rising.

IN throat, scratching, with the cough.

Prickling sensation in both sides of the throat, and great dryness with constant desire to drink; the dryness extended to the posterior nares, and rose into the throat (after two weeks).

Soreness and dryness in the throat, on the both sides, when talking, and when swallowing (two weeks after taking the last dose).

Dryness in the throat, with desire to drink.

Heat and burning in the throat larynx.

In pharynx, burning pains, burning down the oesophagus.


Appetite was rather increased (Barthez).Undisturbed appetite after two hours; increased in two days.

One drachm, dissolved in water, taken in small doses during the twenty-two hours, increased the appetite and digestion moderately, increased the secretion of urine, confined the bowels somewhat, but without injuring digestion.

Increased appetite.

Unusually good appetite, and thirst (third week).

Good appetite, with fullness of stomach.

Increased appetite and thirst, after a sensation of contraction in the stomach.

Appetite lessened.

No appetite; she eats little (twenty-first day).


Desire to drink, with dryness in the throat.Thirst intense.

Thirst, and good appetite; thirst and appetite increased.

Thirst, with heat in the stomach, relieved by drinking cold water.

Thirst and appetite increased after contraction of stomach.

Intense thirst, with fever.

Before breakfast, attack of nausea; worse during breakfast, better after it; during breakfast, cough worse; after it, full in stomach.

Eating something, with sinking in stomach, she feels better.

While at dinner, erections.

After the meal, heaviness in the stomach, and a throbbing like in an abscess; distension of the stomach and epigastrium.

After eating, violent throbbing in the stomach, lasting twenty-five minutes.

Gastric Symptoms.

Immediately after taking a dose, each time some eructations.Slight nausea immediately after taking the 12th.


Qualmish in stomach; sickness at intervals; when awakening at night, prevents falling asleep again; continues in the morning, preventing him from going to his work.

Two hours after taking it in the morning, she was taken with nausea, faintness, and weakness, lasting until the afternoon.

Nausea and faintness in the morning, together with nervous restlessness and excitement, which seemed more like that produced by agitation of the mind than by illness of the body.

The pain returned about the same time in the afternoon, and I have not been entirely free from it since.

Nausea in the morning, with such a weakness that she is unable to sit up (twenty-second day).

Nausea and vertigo; and headache; and metallic taste; and faintness; and chilliness.

Loathing of food; with pain in stomach; nausea with it; sickness.

Nausea, with retching, as if everything would come up the throat.

Inclination to vomit, fifteen minutes, but no vomiting (after two and a half drachms); vomiting easy, and not preceded by much nausea; same time with constipation after (three drachms) (Barthez).

Nausea and vomiting; with fever.

She spits up a lump of coagulated blood in the morning after rising (second day).

Vomiting and disturbed digestion after large doses (Sundelin).


Immediately acute pain in the stomach and gullet, burning in the mouth, and nausea; symptoms of a severe attack of inflammation in stomach and bowels ensued; for several days not out of danger.After a single dose of a solution of ten to twenty grains.

Pain in stomach, nausea, vomiting, colic, more frequent discharges from the bowels.

Pain and nausea in the stomach, and pain and rushing of blood to the head, with drowsiness, which lasted several hours. Next morning I rose at 5 o’clock, and soon after I think in less than an hour, was suddenly attacked with severe pain and nausea, together with a convulsive bearing in the stomach, resembling the deathly sickness of pregnancy, but without vomiting; this was also attended by faintness and flashing to the head, which made assistance necessary to remove me to a chamber.

I think the symptoms lasted a full hour, and were succeeded by partial loss of voice, soreness of throat, and occasional throbbing of the heart.

Nausea and faintness, accompanied with a sick, griping pain in the stomach, and loathing of food.

The next day at noon, just as she returned from school, she was seized instantaneously with the most acute pain in the stomach; her mother saw her looking perfectly well, and in less than five minutes, found her sitting drawn together with her knees against her breast, and a face like a corpse; deathly pallor; lips blue.

She said, “Oh, mother, I feel so strangely, I think I have the cramp”. Chamomilla relieved, but there remained great vertigo and nausea; she complained of being very cold, but did not shudder; great weakness, as after long illness, with headache lasting all afternoon.

About 3 1/2 and 4 o’clock, P.M., sitting in church, she was seized with a sharp, steady pain in the stomach, accompanied by the most deathlike faintness she ever recollected to have felt, with extreme sickness and immediate loss of strength.

A cold sweat covered her; she thinks she must have been deathly pale, for she felt as though the blood (which had at first been driven to the head by the suddenness and severity of the pain), were leaving it and the extremities altogether; they were quite cold; her sight grew dim, and she became so faint that she expected every moment to fall from her seat.

The pain in the stomach felt as though it would draw her double.

Having no friend near her she feared to make the attempt to leave the pew, lest she should not have strength to reach the door unaided, much less her home.

The attack lasted, she thinks, about half an hour, after which the violence of the pain gradually abated, the faintness passed off, the chilliness gave place to heat, and the blood rushed to her head with such a face, that she could hardly hold it up, or keep her eyes open, though quite conscious of the services going on about her.

After services she was able to walk slowly home, though very weak feeling very much as if she had been ill for a month.

She felt the weakness especially in her back although she had no pain there, but during the rest of the evening, whenever drawing a long breath it appeared to come from a spot on each side of the spine, about the middle of the back, come from a spot on each side of the spine, about the middle of the back, on a line with the inferior angles of the scapulae (fifth day).

The effects passed off with a night’s rest, and she had no further return of the symptoms (nor has she had such an attack since, two years after).

At 3 P.M., while sitting, a sudden jerking pain from the stomach up into the swallow, at the same time a twitching of the lower lip, and weak feeling in the pit of the stomach; he was to rise and walk about when all the symptoms vanished.

At 8 P.M., when walking in the open air, a severe pain to the left of the scrobiculum, somewhat relieved by standing still and pressing on it, and disappearing when bending double; when continuing his walk on it, and disappearing when bending double; when continuing his walk the pain return, but a little lower than in the first place and becomes more perceptible with every step.

Pressing pain in the pit of the stomach, followed by throbbing sensation, when lying on the back in the stomach, followed by throbbing sensation, when lying on the back in the evening (first day) (second day).

In the forenoon, at 11 o’clock, a sinking sensation at the stomach; after eating something she felt stronger, but had for fifteen minutes a violent throbbing, fifteen minutes after which it got better (twenty-second day).

Every morning, as often before, some cough.

Faint weakness in the pit of the stomach, as she had it during pregnancy.

Weakness in the pit of stomach, with vertigo in the evening, while lying on his back; when sitting, has to rise.

Feeling of uneasiness in the pit of the stomach, with rapid, short breathing.

Unpleasant feeling in the stomach.

Sense of contraction in the stomach, lasting for fifteen minutes, followed by acute aching in the stomach; half drachms in an ounce of water (Barthez).

Pressing or contractive pains in the stomach (T. W)..

Feeling of a strong contraction of the stomach; soon after, increased appetite and thirst, more active digestion.

After breakfast, fourth day, feels very full in the stomach, and yet good appetite; she thinks if she could vomit she would feel better, but has no nausea.

A sensation of a fullness in the pit of the stomach urges him to take a deep breath, but he cannot, Jen..

Heaviness in the stomach.

Distension of stomach; epigastrium.

From pit of stomach warm creeps run down.

Nausea in the morning, and so weak that she could not sit up; she felt a heat in the stomach, with great thirst, relieved by drinking cold water (Twenty-second day).

Stomach, burning pains, burning.

Heat and burning in the pit of stomach, and a feeling of fullness there Jen.

Tenderness to the touch, and with burning in the pit of stomach.

Burning heat and tearing pains in the stomach.

A distension of the stomach and of the scrobiculum, after eating (several weeks).

Throbbing as in an abscess, and heaviness in stomach; throbbing sensation in pit of stomach while lying on his back (evening in bed).

Habitual hemorrhages from the stomach, such as are sometimes observed in hard drinkers; repeated doses of the first decimal trituration are highly serviceable.

Much gas in the stomach, at once.

A throbbing in the epigastrium, extending to the heart, with violent palpitation.

Distension of epigastric region; and pain.


A stitching pain runs straight down the median line of the abdomen into the penis, as though it followed a thread.Warm creeps running from the pit of the stomach down over the abdomen, followed by jerking contractions of the abdominal muscles, from sides towards the linea alba (fifteen minutes after).

Relaxed feeling in the abdomen (third day).


Accumulation of wind in the abdomen.

Distension of the bowels.

Taken internally in large doses, Alum excites nausea, vomiting, griping, purging, and even an inflammatory condition of the intestinal canal; effects which may perhaps be induced by small quantities in persons endowed with unusual or morbid sensibility of the stomach and bowels (Pereira).

Burning pain in the small intestines.

Fearful burning in the lower part of abdomen and small of back; can scarcely get up; she feels as though her back would break (third day).

Colic, with pain in stomach.

Without producing either nausea, pain or constipation, it relieved colic pains.

Pain in the belly when walking, with fullness and heaviness.

In the evening, jerking contraction of the large abdominal muscles, from both sides below towards the linea alba (fifteen minutes after taking).


Usual fluid discharges cease;and, notwithstanding his various meals, no second stool, as usual, but a sparing, scanty, consistent opening (the second day).Stools become more difficult for two or three days (after some drachms, which partly had been vomited up).


In small doses it always causes a rarer, dryer, and harder stool; in somewhat stronger doses irritation, more exudation and copious stools (Vogt).

The bowels confined.

In the afternoon, difficult passage of a hard stool, with some blood (the first day).

In the afternoon, hard stool, expelled with difficulty, and some blood; followed by beating in the anus (second day).

First hard, then soft stools and pain following.

Relieved constipation entirely; the stools since, of natural consistence and frequency.

Costiveness of long standing; 30 cent.

Stools dry, seldom.

Copious, solid stools.

In large doses it acts as a purgative.

More frequent discharges.

Had had several days three or four diarrhoea discharges, and while damp weather favored this state, after taking Alum in solution, no stools appeared; the morning, a copious, mushy stool.

After omitting the Alum, soon a light looseness returned four or five times a day.

Diarrhoea, with frequent strong tenesmus, slimy discharges; and while they pass very violent pains in the rectum, going down into the thighs.

A tuberculous patient.

Diarrhoea, stools yellow like those of an infant (three on eleventh day).

Diarrhoea appearing during the typhus abdominalis, consuming the strength of the patient, is quickest relieved by it (Maly. in Hygeia, 16, 335).

Diarrhoea in tuberculous patients.

Blood with stool.

Great masses of coagulated black blood pass from the anus in the third week of typhus, with signs of the greatest exhaustion.

A girl of 18 years, 3D. cent. in water.

Diarrhoea, with frequent violent urging, slimy stools with severe pains in the rectum during stool, going down into the thighs.

Fetid, bloody ichor from the rectum.

Putrid dysentery (Jahr)..

During stool, pains in rectum.

During stool strong dyspnoea.

After stool, smarting and burning at rectum; pains in anus and rectum; in rectum; violent, (for three or four hours).

After a stool, beating in anus.

After a hard stool, hemorrhoidal tumors.

Rectum and Anus.

Violent urging to stool.In rectum, severe pains during stool.

With the stool, tearing in rectum, a few minutes after stool; stinging and tearing up the rectum, relieved by bending forward and sitting bend over; worse particularly when lying on one side; somewhat better from lying on back; at the same time burning and throbbing in the anus.

In frequent attacks, first hard, then soft stools, and after it, for three hours, the most violent pains, burning, shooting, and particularly cutting in the rectum upwards, lasting from morning till noon; with the stool passes a great deal of blood, without any relief; sometimes a sensation as if the anus would protrude.

After the patient had carried a piece of Alum in his breeches pocket, he never had it again. (Reported to Dr.

Neidhard). The same symptoms have in many cases been cured by giving high potencies.

Severe pains in the anus and rectum, appearing several minutes after stool; stinging and tearing up the rectum, relieved by bending forward and sitting bent forward; particularly worse when lying on the side; not so much when lying on the back; burning and throbbing in the anus; after five days better, but then a stitching pain from the upper part of the left chest through to the back, between the shoulder blades; worse at night in bed; it wakes him; increases when lying on the left side; not increased by taking a long breath; at the same time, sudden attacks of flutterings at the heart, disappearing as quickly as they came.

A man with chronic asthma (Dr. J. Husmann).

A woman with what was called cancer of the rectum (?), caused by a metallic pessary introduced in the vagina for prolapsus uteri, and remaining there for years, which had been somewhat benefited by Nux. and Sulph., but not permanently.

Intense pains in the anus, and in the rectum the worst, permanently.

Intense pains in the anus, and in the rectum the worst, particularly after stool; she can scarcely endure it; sometimes lasting three of four hours.

During stool, strong dyspnoea.

Four days after taking 30 cent., more relief than from any other remedy since three months; for the first time, stool without pains; was perfectly cured, had no return, even after scirrhus was cut out of the mamma six years later, and is nearly well now, twenty-five years after(210).

Ulceration of the rectum; if there is an ulcerated surface, and mostly exceedingly painful excrescences and fetid, bloody ichor, 2M (Wolf).

Hemorrhoidal tumor after a hard stool.

Piles, with aching within the anus (after eight days).

A small lump at the anus itches violently, particularly in the night, not so much during the day.

Itching at the anus all evening (first and second day).


Increased secretion of urine.Frequent urination.

The urine becomes remarkably acid from the use of it (Kraus).

In the morning a bluish, iridizing film on the urine passed the evening before.

Brown, muddy, urine, over which is formed a thin, variegated cuticle, like that which is formed over stagnant water that contains iron (after six days).

The urine looks as though cheesy milk had been stirred into it, b.

White, cloudy urine (after ten hours).

Orifice of urethra itching.

Male Genitals.

While at dinner (2 o’clock), erections; something quite unusual (third day).In the night an emission of very thick semen; felt unusually well and strong next morning.

A cutting in the left side of the penis.

Shooting pain from the middle line of the belly, as along a thread down into the penis (third day).

Itching on the scrotum and at the orifice of the urethra, in the evening (second day).

Female Genitals.

In the highest degrees of weakness of uterus, its good influence is only transient (Hufeland).Higher potencies relieved permanently if indicated by the symptoms.

Causes induration and scirrhus uteri, if continually used for copious menstruation and hemorrhages (Hufeland).

Catamenia very scanty and more watery than usual (33 years old), has usually very profuse menstruation.

During catamenia hands weak, drops things easily.

Menses did not appear since several months, no good digestion, loss of strength, pain in the lower limbs, particularly at night; the column uteri swollen and puffed up, the vagina very sensitive, and narrowed, particularly at the orifice, by swelling of various size (Jacquot).

As she had it during pregnancy, faint weakness in pit of stomach.


Hoarseness, voice shrill, cannot talk loud; at times she feels as though she had lost her voice; altogether the sound of the voice varied when talking, it is sometimes high, sometimes low; cannot talk loud enough.After a week, repeated the proving with precisely similar though less violent effects, except that her voice was entirely lost for a full week, and the soreness of the throat became so troublesome, as apparently to give her doctor some uneasiness; he call ed repeatedly and administered medicine several times during the ensuing fortnight.

This aphony lasted for months.

Hoarseness; worse from talking, which likewise causes a tickling cough.

Hoarseness with tickling cough; with cough in the evening.

Talking increases hoarseness; voice changing; throat dry; causes a tickling cough.


Tickling in the larynx causing cough (Trbg)..Tickling in throat causes cough; scratching like dust in larynx.

Painful scraping sensation of roughness in the larynx, with expectoration of much clear mucus, for two or three days after taking the medicine.

With the cough, scraping in the throat to the middle of the sternum; rawness in the breast; but slight expectoration.

In larynx, heat and burning.

Sense of constriction in the windpipe.


Oppression of chest; tightness across the upper part; sense of heat and burning.Sensation as if ligated in chest.

With every deep inhalation, pain on both sides of the spine, in the middle.

When inhaling, pain in clavicle.

Rapid short breathing with uneasiness in stomach.

Respiration rapid.

Ineffectual urging to take a deep breath, by fullness in pit of stomach.

Not increased by deep breathing, stitches from chest to back.


Cough from tickling in larynx, caused by talking.Some irritation to cough, in the morning after rising (first day); tickling in the throat causing cough (second day).

Tickling cough one hour after getting up in the morning (second day).

Cough immediately after rising, excited by a tickling in the throat; worse during breakfast, after breakfast better, and only occasional cough during the day.

Tickling cough in the evening, from twilight (7 o’clock), until bedtime, with hoarseness.

Severe spell of hard shaking cough, caused by a scratching sensation in the larynx, as if dust were in it, which relieved by the discharge of a quantity of clear mucus (after a few hours).

Dry cough in the evening after lying down; after she felt nearly well; but she had a cough in the evening.

Every morning (as often before), some cough (twenty-second day).

Cough in the morning immediately after rising, excited by a tickling in the throat, particularly worse during breakfast, afterwards better; only now and then during the day.

The same tickling cough in the evening, from 7 o’clock until he goes to bed, with hoarseness.

About the author

TF Allen

TF Allen

Dr. Timothy Field Allen, M.D. ( 1837 - 1902)
Born in 1837in Westminster, Vermont. . He was an orthodox doctor who converted to homeopathy
Dr. Allen compiled the Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica over the course of 10 years.
In 1881 Allen published A Critical Revision of the Encyclopedia of Pure Materia Medica.

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